Accidents happen – Get to know basic first aidOctober 31, 2017
As parents we can’t be everywhere at once, and even though we tell our children that we have eyes in the backs of our heads, even those eyes get a little distracted from time to time! Accidents happen, whether it’s a graze or a cut, burn or insect sting – it pays to be prepared and know what to do, as and when the inevitable does happen. With fireworks night coming up it is even more important that you know basic first aid as more accidents happen at this time of year.
So here, I will go through some basic instructions on what to do should a minor injury happen at home. But remember, if an accident is serious or the casualty is not breathing or is unresponsive you should dial 999 immediately.
Note: a baby is less than one year old and a child is aged between one and puberty.
Make it easy for yourself
Accidents happen at home so often. It’s always worth investing in a first aid kit, or creating one yourself and adding to it as time goes on. So, when something does happen, you can access your plasters and bandages easily without having to hunt through every drawer in the kitchen for them! Why not invest in a first aid sign so everyone knows where to go to get the first aid items? Companies like smart sign can provide you with some inspiration.
Whether it’s the kettle, a pan on the stove or the bath tap, hot water is easily accessible, so if a burn happens then here’s what you need to know.
- Cool the burn under running cold water for at least 10 minutes
- After the burn has cooled, cover it with a clean plastic bag or cling film – this will prevent infection from entering the wound
- Call 999 if necessary
A baby or child may have a broken bone if they are in a lot of pain, or are lying in an unnatural position, following a fall or a blow from an object. Here’s what you need to know:
- Support the injury with cushions or items of clothing to prevent unnecessary movement
- Call 999
- Continue to support the injury until help arrives
A suspected head injury
Head injuries can be scary, a blow to the head may result in the baby or child having pain or a headache. There may be a bump on their head and they may look pale. Here’s what you need to know:
- Get the baby or child to rest and apply something cold to the injury (e.g. frozen vegetables wrapped in a tea towel).
- Monitor your child constantly
- If they become drowsy or vomit, or their condition deteriorates, call 999
Vomiting and diarrhoea
It’s a common illness in children, but dehydration can occur, so here’s what you need to know:
- Give the baby or child drinks of boiled water that’s been cooled. Encourage them to drink small sips often.
- Let the baby/ child rest
- If the symptoms persist then seek medical advice
Remember, if you’re in any doubt or concerned about your child then dial 999 immediately.
If the accident happened whilst you were away from home then make sure you check if you can claim compensation for any injuries caused when it was not your fault.